The article/video you have requested doesn't exist yet.

The article/video you have requested doesn't exist yet.

요청한 문서 / 비디오는 아직 존재하지 않습니다.

The article/video you have requested doesn't exist yet.

המאמר / הסרטון שביקשת אינו קיים עדיין.

The article/video you have requested doesn't exist yet.

The article/video you have requested doesn't exist yet.

The article/video you have requested doesn't exist yet.

요청한 문서 / 비디오는 아직 존재하지 않습니다.

The article/video you have requested doesn't exist yet.

המאמר / הסרטון שביקשת אינו קיים עדיין.

The article/video you have requested doesn't exist yet.

The Seven Earths

Rating:   
Font size:

Description: The seven layers of the earth which scientists have recently discovered was eluded to by Prophet Muhammad 1400 years ago.

  • By Imam Kamil Mufti
  • Published on 04 Apr 2006
  • Last modified on 04 Jan 2015
  • Printed: 2398
  • Viewed: 136152 (daily average: 36)
  • Rating: 4.7 out of 5
  • Rated by: 211
  • Emailed: 234
  • Commented on: 4

A simple image of Earth and the interior layers.† Windows to the Universe, at (http://www.windows.ucar.edu) at the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR).† ©1995-1999, 2000 The Regents of the University of Michigan; ©2000-05 University Corporation for Atmospheric Research.

The Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad is the second revealed source of Islam.† Like the Quran, it contains scientific information unavailable 1400 years ago.† From these miracles is the "seven" earths, mentioned by the Prophet in several of his sayings.† From them are the following two:

Hadith 1

It was narrated on the authority of Abu Salamah that a dispute arose between him and some other people (about a piece of land).† When he told Aisha (the Prophetís wife) about it, she said, ĎO Abu Salamah! †Avoid taking the land unjustly, for the Prophet said:

"Whoever usurps even one span of land of somebody, its depth through the seven earths will be collared to his neck." (Saheeh Al-Bukhari, ĎBook of Oppression.í)

Hadith 2

Salim narrated on the authority of his father that the Prophet said:

"Whoever takes a piece of land of others unjustly, he will sink down the seven earths on the Day of Resurrection." (Saheeh Al-Bukhari, ĎBook of Oppression.í)

The aforementioned hadith prohibits oppression in general, especially the taking of a piece of land belonging to others unjustly.† What might the seven earths refer to?

Studies in geology have proven that the earth is composed of seven zones, identified from the inner to the outer layers as follows:

(1)† The Solid Inner Core of Earth: 1.7% of the Earthís mass; depth of 5,150 - 6,370 kilometers (3,219 - 3,981 miles)

The inner core is solid and unattached to the mantle, suspended in the molten outer core.† It is believed to have solidified as a result of pressure-freezing which occurs to most liquids when temperature decreases or pressure increases.

(2)† The Liquid Outer core: 30.8% of Earthís mass; depth of 2,890 - 5,150 kilometers (1,806 - 3,219 miles)

The outer core is a hot, electrically conducting liquid within which convective motion occurs.† This conductive layer combines with Earthís rotation to create a dynamo effect that maintains a system of electrical currents known as the Earthís magnetic field.† It is also responsible for the subtle jerking of Earthís rotation.† This layer is not as dense as pure molten iron, which indicates the presence of lighter elements.† Scientists suspect that about 10% of the layer is composed of sulfur and/or oxygen because these elements are abundant in the cosmos and dissolve readily in molten iron.

(3)† The "D" Layer: 3% of Earthís mass; depth of 2,700 - 2,890 kilometers (1,688 - 1,806 miles)

This layer is 200 to 300 kilometers (125 to 188 miles) thick and represents about 4% of the mantle-crust mass.† Although it is often identified as part of the lower mantle, seismic discontinuities suggest the "D" layer might differ chemically from the lower mantle lying above it.† Scientists theorize that the material either dissolved in the core, or was able to sink through the mantle but not into the core because of its density.

(4)† Lower Mantle: 49.2% of Earthís mass; depth of 650 - 2,890 kilometers (406 -1,806 miles)

The lower mantle contains 72.9% of the mantle-crust mass and is probably composed mainly of silicon, magnesium, and oxygen.† It probably also contains some iron, calcium, and aluminum.† Scientists make these deductions by assuming the Earth has a similar abundance and proportion of cosmic elements as found in the Sun and primitive meteorites.

(5)† Middle Mantle (Transition region): 7.5% of Earthís mass; depth of 400 - 650 kilometers (250-406 miles)

The transition region or mesosphere (for middle mantle), sometimes called the fertile layer, contains 11.1% of the mantle-crust mass and is the source of basaltic magmas.† It also contains calcium, aluminum, and garnet, which is a complex aluminum-bearing silicate mineral.† This layer is dense when cold because of the garnet.† It is buoyant when hot because these minerals melt easily to form basalt which can then rise through the upper layers as magma.

(6)† Upper Mantle: 10.3% of Earthís mass; depth of 10 - 400 kilometers (6 - 250 miles)

The upper mantle contains 15.3% of the mantle-crust mass.† Fragments have been excavated for our observation by eroded mountain belts and volcanic eruptions.† Olivine (Mg,Fe)2SiO4 and pyroxene (Mg,Fe)SiO3 have been the primary minerals found in this way.† These and other minerals are refractory and crystalline at high temperatures; therefore, most settle out of rising magma, either forming new material or never leaving the mantle.† Part of the upper mantle called the asthenosphere might be partially molten.

(7)† Lithosphere

Oceanic crust: 0.099% of Earthís mass; depth of 0-10 kilometers (0 - 6 miles)

The rigid, outermost layer of the Earth comprising the crust and upper mantle is called the lithosphere.† The oceanic crust contains 0.147% of the mantle-crust mass.† The majority of the Earthís crust was made through volcanic activity.† The oceanic ridge system, a 40,000-kilometer (25,000 mile) network of volcanoes, generates new oceanic crust at the rate of 17 km3 per year, covering the ocean floor with basalt.† Hawaii and Iceland are two examples of the accumulation of basalt piles.

This image shows a cross section through the earthís crust and upper mantle showing lithosphere plates (made of the crust layer and the top part of the mantle) moving over the asthenosphere (upper mantle).† Windows to the Universe, at (http://www.windows.ucar.edu) at the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR).† ©1995-1999, 2000 The Regents of the University of Michigan; ©2000-05 University Corporation for Atmospheric Research.† Continental crust: 0.374% of Earthís mass; depth of 0-50 kilometers (0 - 31 miles)

The continental crust contains 0.554% of the mantle-crust mass.† This is the outer part of the Earth composed essentially of crystalline rocks.† These are low-density buoyant minerals dominated mostly by quartz (SiO2) and feldspars (metal-poor silicates).† The crust (both oceanic and continental) is the surface of the Earth; as such, it is the coldest part of our planet.† Because cold rocks deform slowly, we refer to this rigid outer shell as the lithosphere (the rocky or strong layer).

This image shows the divisions of the Earthís interior into 7 layers.† (Adapted from Beatty, 1990).

Conclusion

The layers of the earth coincide with the above mentioned hadith of the Prophet.† The miracle is in two matters:

(1)† The expression of the hadith, ĎHe will sink down the seven earths on the Day of Resurrection,í indicates the stratification of these "earths" around one center.

(2)† The accuracy with which the Prophet of Islam referred to the seven inner layers of earth.

The only way for a desert dweller to have known these facts 1400 years ago is through revelation from God.

References

Beatty, J. K. and A. Chaikin, eds.† The New Solar System.† Massachusetts: Sky Publishing, 3rd Edition, 1990.

Press, Frank and Raymond Siever.† Earth.† New York: W. H. Freeman and Company, 1986.

Seeds, Michael A. Horizons. Belmont, California: Wadsworth, 1995.

El-Najjar, Zaghloul. †Treasures In The Sunnah: A Scientific Approach: Cairo, Al-Falah Foundation, 2004.

User Comments View comments

Add a comment

Other Articles in the Same Category

Other Videos in the Same Category

Most Viewed

DAILY
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
TOTAL
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
(Read more...)

Editorís Pick

(Read more...)
(Read more...)
(Read more...)

List Articles

Since your last visit
This list is currently empty.
All by date
(Read more...)
(Read more...)

Most Popular

Highest rated
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
Most emailed
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
Most printed
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
Most commented on
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
(Read more...)
(Read more...)

Your Favorites

Your favorites list is empty.  You may add articles to this list using the article tools.

Your History

Your history list is empty.

View Desktop Version